The history of science and technology in Africa since then has, however, received relatively little attention compared to other regions of … ... Because of these new innovations, the Silk Road was used far less, or almost not at all. Technology and Innovation 1200-1450 22. The expansion and intensification of long distance trade routes often depended on environmental knowledge, including advanced knowledge of the monsoon winds. The second unit in AP WORLD HISTORY: MODERN is all about the inter-connectivity of the 1200-1450. The earliest European designs, documented in 1270. Knowle dge, scientific learning, and technology from the Classical, Islamic, and Asian worlds spread, facilitating European technological developments and innovation. Explanation: . Below are the ACTUAL STANDARDS provided by the College Board for what you have to know for the 1200-1450 Period: A deepening and widening of networks of human interaction within and across regions contributed to cultural, technological, and biological diffusion within and between various societies. The economy of Song China flourished as a result of increased productive capacity, expanding trade networks, and innovations in agriculture and manufacturing. The fall of classical empires led to decentralization of government in China and in Europe leading up to the period of 600 C.E. Empires collapsed in different regions of the world and in some areas were replaced by new imperial states, including the Mongol khanates. It is believed that Bacon most likely witnessed at least one demonstration of Chinese firecrackers, possibly obtained by Franciscans who visited the Mongolian Empire during this period. Among his other ideas, he proposed flying machines and motorized ships and carriages.Â. This change was not necessarily bad, as trade was taken to a new level, but it did change the routes that merchants chose to trade upon. Though there is a dispute as to the exact years that bookend the Middle Ages, most sources say 500 A.D. to 1450 A.D. Unit 2: Learning Objective G: Explain the role of environmental factors in the development of networks of exchange in the period from c. 1200 to c. 1450. The world was about to become a true global network as different regions in the NEXT period (1450-1750) began to interact. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Functional buttons with buttonholes for fastening or closing clothes made their first appearance in Germany in the 13th century. Prior to that time, buttons were ornamental rather than functional. Buttons became widespread with the rise of snug-fitting garments in 13th- and 14th-century Europe. 1. Technological Innovations: Many technological innovations, specifically improvements to navigation, made the Indian Ocean a viable trading option. Though there is a dispute as to the exact years that bookend the Middle Ages, most sources say 500 A.D. to 1450 A.D. Increased cross-cultural interactions resulted in the diffusion of literary, artistic, and cultural traditions, as well as scientific and technological innovation. The Indian Ocean trading network fostered the growth of states. The collapse of the Han dynasty in China opened the door to the spread and appeal of Buddhism into China, since the Confucian authority was no longer centralized. Prompt 4: Evaluate the extent to which trade networks facilitated cultural and technological transfers in the 1200 to 1450 time period. In key places along important trade routes, merchants set up diasporic communities where they introduced their own cultural traditions into the indigenous cultures and, in turn, indigenous cultures influenced merchant cultures. Abbasid Caliphate fragmented, new Islamic political entities emerged, most of which were dominated by Turkic peoples. The level of cultural sophistication rose worldwide during the era. Theme 6 (TECH) - Technology and Innovation College Board Description Organizing Question ... 2.7 Comparison in Trade from 1200-1450. 1.1 Developments in East Asia from c. 1200 to c. 1450. 23. The spheres were then formed into cylinders and then cut while still hot, after which the sheets were flattened. The economy of Song China became increasingly commercialized while continuing to depend on free peasant and artisanal labor. In the Americas and in Africa, as in Eurasia, state systems demonstrated continuity, innovation, and diversity, and expanded in scope and reach. Heliocentrism-the idea that the Earth and the other planets in the solar system revolve around the Sun-was popularized by the publication of Nicolaus Copernicus' On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres in 1543.Prior to this the theory of geocentrism-the idea that the Sun and the other planets revolved around the Earth-was popular, but several ancient Greeks … Because of its limited population and large amount of land, Native Americans were … She is known for her independent films and documentaries, including one about Alexander Graham Bell. Explain the intellectual and cultural effects of the various networks of exchange in Afro-Eurasia from c. 1200 to c. 1450. The following is a list of inventions made in the medieval Islamic world, especially during the Islamic Golden Age, as well as in later states of the Age of the Islamic Gunpowders such as the Ottoman and Mughal empires.. In general, these mills had four blades mounted on a central post. Islam, Judaism, Christianity, and the core beliefs and practices of these religions continued to shape societies in Africa and Asia. I already have flying shuttle, compass, astrolabe, microscope, and telescope. This included the Song Dynasty of China, which utilized traditional methods of Confucianism and an imperial bureaucracy to maintain and justify its rule. 19.Give examples of the diffusion of scientific/technological innovations that occurred as a result of trade networks in the 1200-1450 time period. A lot of inventions sprouted from Chinese culture. The 11th century saw the emergence in Germany of new ways of making sheet glass by blowing spheres. Definitions and Examples, Timeline of Invention Periods from the Middles Ages On. The growth of inter-regional trade was encouraged by innovations in existing transportation technologies. Technological Advances Between 1450-1750 Timeline created by Faussinator. What was the Abbasid Dynasty’s House of Wisdom, in 22. Chinese, Persian, and Indian artisans and merchants expanded their production of textiles and porcelains for export; manufacture of iron and steel expanded in China. 1.4 The Americas from 1200 to 1450 When talking about North, Central, and South America in the time period before 1200, the lack of unity and consistency needs to be understood. Many Arabic or Asian innovations reached Europe from these contacts, including windmills, boat rudders and … State formation and development demonstrated continuity, innovation, and diversity in various regions. Unit 1 – The Global Tapestry c. 1200 to c. 1450 (~10–13 class periods) CR2 . The church was the overwhelming power in the West and the most educated people were the clergy. While there was a suppression of knowledge and learning, the Middle Ages continued to be a period full of discovery and innovation, especially in the Far East. Many history books call this time the Dark Ages as it reflected a lull in learning and literacy, but, in fact, there were plenty of inventions and highlights during this time.Â. The compass was originally invented by the Han Dynasty, but later perfected by the Song Dynasty. Topic 4.1 Technological Innovations from 1450 to 1750. The magnetic compass was "rediscovered" in 1182 by the European world for maritime use. Interregional contacts and conflicts between states and empires, including the Mongols, encouraged significant technological and cultural transfers, including during Chinese maritime activity led by Ming Admiral Zheng He. However, in THIS period the AFRO-EURASIAN world was already pretty well connected by the Silk Roads, Trans-Saharan Trade Routes, and Indian Ocean Trade Routes. between 600 and 1450 C.E.” (Offers a historically defensible claim, but it includes no additional information beyond what is provided in the introductory statement and no indication of a line of reasoning.) Despite European claims to the invention, it was first used by the Chinese around 200 A.D. mainly for fortune-telling. The first permanent photo etching image was produced in 1822 by French inventor Nicéphore Niépce. In History. Discover surprising insights and little-known facts about politics, literature, science, and the marvels of the natural world. - 1450. Technological innovations: ... Topic 1.1: Developments in East Asia from c. 1200 to c. 1450 Unit 1: Global Tapestry This presentation was made by E. Adamson. State formation and development demonstrated continuity, innovation, and diversity, including the new Hindu and Buddhist states that emerged in South and Southeast Asia. Topic 2.1 The Silk Roads LO: Explain the causes and effects of growth of networks of exchange after 1200. What’s more, it never received this name during the almost 1,400 years that the Silk Road remained opera… and the ancient Roman civilization. D. Explain how systems of belief and their practices affected society in the period from c. 1200 to c. 1450. Explain how the expansion of empires influenced trade and communication over time. Jan 1, 1450. His photo View from the Window at Le Gras, is the earliest surviving photo from nature (i.e., image of a real-world scene as formed in a Camera Obscura lens). While we have provided brief definitions here, you will need to know these terms in even more depth for the AP exam, including how terms connect to broader historical themes and understandings. This stemmed from the global tendency toward inter regional connectedness. What innovation from China helped to improve education as it spread west? The expansion of empires—including Mali in West Africa—facilitated Afro-Eurasian trade and communication as new people were drawn into the economies and trade networks. This unit focuses on the effects of these Networks of Exchange…. Key Moments China and the Arab Empires dominated the early part of this period. In India, the tradition of weak centralized po… The use of buttons used as adornment or decoration have been found dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization around 2800 B.C., China around 2000 B.C. The earliest recorded use of windmills found by archaeologists is 1219 in China. Early windmills were used to power grain mills and water pumps. The concept of the windmill spread to Europe after the Crusades. Find more at www.theadamsonadventure.net. These include the compass, the astrolabe, and improvements to ship design. 4-2 Arabs Preserve Greek Learning.docx The developments included the production of new tools, innovations in ship designs, and an improved understanding of regional wind patterns – all of which made … In 1023, the first government-issued paper money was printed in China. Paper money was an innovation that replaced paper money that had been issued by private enterprises in the early 10th century in the Szechuan province. The syllabus must include an outline of course content by unit title or topic using any organizational approach to demonstrate ... with a major focus on technological innovations and their impact. The expansion of empires—including the Mongols—facilitated Afro-Eurasian trade and communication as new people were drawn into their conquerors’ economies and trade networks. In Han Dynasty (206 BC–220 AD), China had a monopoly on silk trade by keeping the silk's production technology a secret. Many history books call this time the Dark Ages as it reflected a lull in learning and literacy, but, in fact, there were plenty of … Improved commercial practices led to an increased volume of trade and expanded the geographical range of existing trade routes—including the Silk Roads, trans-Saharan trade network, and Indian Ocean—promoting the growth of powerful new trading cities. When he returned to Europe, Marco Polo wrote a chapter about paper money, but paper money did not take off in Europe until Sweden began printing paper currency in 1601.Â. Military technology - Military technology - The infantry revolution, c. 1200–1500: The appearance of the crossbow as a serious military implement along the northern rim of the western Mediterranean at about the middle of the 9th century marked a growing divergence between the technology of war in Europe and that of the rest of the world. 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technological innovations from 1200 to 1450

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