Outside of Europe there is evidence of warming conditions, including higher temperatures in China and major North American droughts which adversely affected numerous cultures. Sub-Saharan Africa is that part of Africa that is south of the Saharan Desert. Built extensive infrastructure During Post-classical times, there is evidence that many regions of the world were affected similarly by global climate conditions; however, direct effects in temperature and precipitation varied by region. [73] In this time period, neighboring areas such as Afghanistan, Tibet, Southeast Asia were under South Asian influence. Rewarded courage generously Managers at each site b. Abu Bakr – best of both words – not in family, but one of first                                                            followers a. Community of believers – Muslims [4] In total the population of the world doubled in the time period from approximately 210 million in 500 AD to 461 million in 1500 AD. Unit Summary Classical Music A common beginning date for the Classical period is 1750 (the death of J. S. Bach), but this date is a bit too late. C. Continuities and breaks within the period (e.g., the impact of the Mongols on international contacts and on specific societies), The Islamic world Kublai Khan ruled China a. [68] In the early 13th century, a new wave of invaders, the armies of the Mongol Empire, swept through the region, sacking Baghdad in the Siege of Baghdad (1258) and advancing as far south as the border of Egypt in what became known as the Mongol conquests. Mecca – Umayyads take over Treated with more dignity d.Asian trade networks reached to the islands of Oceania. Marrige Period of stability after 1000 CE led to increased trade/higher agricultural output Biggest impact – conduit for cultural exchange The Rise d. Respect for Jews/Christians “People of the Book” 4. The post-classical period corresponds roughly to the period from 500 AD to 1450 AD. Mechants made money selling goods/religious artifacts to travelers i. even Mongols kept bureaucrats Like European Middle Ages, women’s beauty and femininity key 2. [166] Most of the Mesoamerican region would eventually fall under the Aztec Empire. impossible. As a continent there was little unified trade or communication.                                Pages 108 – 115. In the following millennium, Buddhism was joined by two other major, universalising, missionary religions, both developing from Judaism: Christianity and Islam. 3. much of Eurasian landmass united/connected by political, economic, cultural links Merchants played a central role and were given high social status in all of the following areas except: Which of the following rulers is not correctly paired with the empire they ruled? d. 750 Shi’ite Muslims in Iraq/Iran rebelled – drove out Umayyad, installed Abbasid c. Daimyo – huge landowner – samurai – part warrior/part nobility Mathematics Buddhism spread from India, to China, to Central Asia. The only outside contact were encounters with fishermen of Indonesian origin. 5. manorialism). Prayer – five times a day facing Mecca [107] Meanwhile, Japan fell under military rule of the Kamakura and later Ashikaga Shogunate dominated by Samauri warriors. 3. 2. 3. highways linking cities Later the transcontinental epidemic called the Black Death ravaged civilizations again. 1. a. d. Attractive to leaders – apply rules to all elements of life Ended civil war era Choose from 500 different sets of post classical era flashcards on Quizlet. b. gold Called Taika Reforms – enacted after death – borrowed from China Other nations which inhabited the states of the modern northern United States and Canada had less complexity and did not follow technological changes as quickly. Wealth paraded fro thousands of miles the unity provided by their faith in Islam. [40] Prior to the migration and conquest of Muslims into Africa, much of the continent was dominated by diverse societies of varying sizes and complexities. [102], After seventy years of conquest, the Mongols proclaimed the Yuan dynasty and also annexed Korea; they failed to conquer Japan. Post Classical Era Events Timeline created by abbyholak. a. 1. b. [55] After 1000 the Christian kingdoms that had emerged from Rome's collapse changed dramatically in their cultural and societal character. 5. Five duties “Pillars” [130], The Silk Road flourished again in the 13th century during the reign of the Mongol Empire, which through conquest had brought stability in Central Asia comparable to the Pax Romana. World trade, cultural diffusion, awareness 2. 2. No Golden Age, but larger 1. 1. Which of the following does not belong on a list of features of a stateless society? The Classical Era set the scene. c.  Pacific islanders concentrated on regional trade. 2. opening of new land to agriculture – draining swamps/terracing hillsides Which of the following does not belong in a list of similarities in the process of how Islam spread to South Asia, Southeast Asia and Africa? In Japan, prose uniquely thrived more than in other geographic areas. A significant example being the Maori of New Zealand. It is believed that half the Byzantine Empire was destroyed in the 6th century, a total of 100 million deaths.". 1. The major world powers come from places you might not expect. c. Mosques million. b. [65] Muslims saved and spread Greek advances in medicine, algebra, geometry, astronomy, anatomy, and ethics that would later finds it way back to Western Europe. Trade heightened from Western Mediterranean world to China fortresses/castles slowed advance The Incas used the advances created by earlier Andean societies. The Tale of Genji is considered the world's first realistic novel written in the 9th century.[144]. 1. Unparalleled military achievements and ruthlessness, i. By the turn of the 16th century European or Western Civilization would be engaging in the Age of Discovery. Broad-based expansion of literacy among the masses. 1. a. The Islamic Empires adopted many Greek, Roman, and Indian advances and spread them through the Islamic sphere of influence, allowing these developments to reach Europe, North and West Africa, and Central Asia. Show deference to Chinese emperor – kowtow After the fall of the Gupta Dynasty in 600 C.E, the population rose from 53 million to 105 million by 1500 . Highly protected, more respected than before Sections are broken by political and geographic location. Also, the biggest empire the earth was ever before to see, the Mongols, went up by during the …show more content… Changes in politics institutions in the classical towards the post traditional were the majority of dramatic in Europe and India, both these styles which fragmented into a large number of small kingdoms because of exterior forces. The creation of the Islamic Empires established a new power in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia. b. Codified traditional Chinese philosophy b. By then, another group of Turks had arisen as well, the Ottomans. Mary Andrews & Halle Armstrong 570-750. [172] Through the Post Classical era a cycle of civilizations continued until Spanish contact. There is evidence that large parts of the city were burned, possibly in a domestic rebellion. 1. The extreme weather events of 536–537 were likely initiated by the eruption of the Lake llopango caldera in El Salvador. g. Introduction of language – alcohol, algebra, sofa “People of the Book” Military state established a. a. Key…not allowed to Mongolize – kept own culture e. *** Notice huge irony – people that wanted to kill him are now running his empire Migration of the center of power from Kiev to Moscow, Permanent separation of Russian culture from that of the West, Incorporation of animism into Russian Orthodoxy. And international exchanges grew in range and intensity. [166], In 1430 the city of Tenochtitlan allied with other powerful Nahuatl speaking cities- Texcoco and Tlacopan to create the Aztec Empire otherwise known as Triple-Alliance. 7th Century – Prince Shotoku i. North Africa served as a bridge for Muslim influence to reach which area? Italian city-states grew wealthy In the assessment of James Belich, John Darwin, Margret Frenz, and Chris Wickham, Global history may be boundless, but global historians are not. Translated writings of Plato/Aristotle to Arabic Network of inns/postal stations for communication [34] It persisted until the Industrial Revolution, long after the Post-classical Period. Always at conflict/on the defensive with Northern neighbors 1. [176][177], Map of the Aboriginal regions in Australia, Colonization of East Polynesia, and dispersal to more remote islands (including Hawaii, Easter Island, and New Zealand), Separate from developments in Afro-Eurasia and the Americas the region of greater Oceania continued to develop independently of the outside world. 3. Unlike the Tang, the Song specialized in overseas trade and peacefully created a maritime network and China's population became concentrated in the south. a. Which body of water was the scene of trade involving merchant ships from the most diverse collection of civilizations in the postclassical era? a. Baghdad, Cairo, and Cordoba failed to improve on the political institutions and types of Olmec and Maya states. [3] Gunpowder was developed in China during the post-classical era. [52] Byzantium flourished as the leading power and trade center in its region in the Macedonian Renaissance until it was overshadowed by Italian City States and the Islamic Ottoman Empire near the end of the Middle Ages. Returned home and wrote book Beginning of calendar Post-Classical Era. This period saw no major environmental changes nor were any fundamental new technologies introduced. 1. c. Eventully Ottoman Turks reunite until 1918 Europeans on their voyages visited many Pacific Islands in the 16th and 17th century, but most areas of Oceania were not colonized until after the voyages of British explorer James Cook in the 1780s. 3. c. Testimony in court half weight of man Which dynasty built the largest land empire? c. Economic Abu Bakr ideal Era of Division in China 220 CE - 589 CE-time of greatest Buddhist influence Allowed freedom to worship and self-rule within their communities ... Before this era, Chinese agriculture had been based on the production of wheat and barley raised in the north. Though Christians/Jews sometimes persecuted in Levant [166]>, In the first half of the Post Classical Period the Andean Region was dominated by two almost equally powerful states. World History Study Guide Post-classical Period, 600 CE – 1450 CE . [192] Due to navigation advances Portugal would create a global colonial empire beginning with the conquest of Malacca in modern-day Malaysia from 1511. 1. Who would not have qualified as a ‘dhimmi’ in the Abbasid caliphate? [1] The period runs from about 500 AD to 1500 AD, though there may be regional differences and debates. Stylized and symbolic landscape painting Islamic Empire [89] In the times of the Sui, Tang and Song dynasties (581–1279), China remained the world's largest economy and most technologically advanced society. [111][112][113][114][115][116] The vast transcontinental empire connected the east with the west with an enforced Pax Mongolica allowing trade, technologies, commodities, and ideologies to be disseminated and exchanged across Eurasia.[117][118]. Of those listed, which civilization existed in the most complete state of isolation between 600-1450? 1. a. Islamic sea trade helped connect these areas, including those in the Indian Ocean and in the Mediterranean, replacing Byzantium in the latter region. 2. d. meritocracy not aristocracy iv. 2. Precedent for large, European trading operations [131], The term Post-Classical Science is often used in academic circles and in college courses to combine the study of medieval European science and medieval Islamic science due to their interactions with one another. 1. banking system – paper money/letters of credit 1. arabesques adorned writing and program 2. Cities like Samarkand, with oases, bazaars, markets became commercial centers [180] In exploring and settling, Polynesian settlers did not strike at random but used their knowledge of wind and water currents to reach their destinations.[181]. 2. iv. Wouldn’t allow Chinese to learn Mongol language c. Later religion spread alone, initially spread simultaneously with politics Its beginning is usually placed at 900, and it terminates with the arrival of the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés in 1519 or with his conquest… d. Agriculture 3. Finally, the expansion of civilization as an organized form of life built on the possibility of explicit imitation. [126], The route was vulnerable to spreading plague. d. Social b.North American nations north of Mexico were more settled than the natives of Mesoamerica. The Inca Empire is known for some of its magnificent structures, such as Machu Picchu in the Cusco region. Outside of Scandinavia knowledge of the discovery of the Americas was interpreted as a remote island or the North Pole. Baltic/North Sea Regions Life apart from worldy values Nobility hereditary, not earned While there was little regular contact between the Americas and the Old World the Norse Vikings explored and even colonized Greenland and Canada as early as 1000. Instead Andeans developed other methods to foster their growth, including use of the quipu system to communicate messages, lamas to carry smaller loads and an economy based on reciprocity. ii. Unique linguistic, architectural and artistic version of Christianity East met West via Silk Road Abassids - Shia 6. [5] Population generally grew steadily throughout the period but endured some incidental declines in events including the Plague of Justinian, The Mongol Invasions, Muslim conquests of the Indian subcontinent, and the Black Death. Marriage forbidden [129], There were vulnerabilities as well to changing political situations. a. Cultural bridge between Middle East and Europe c. watertight bulkheads a. Conquering of regions – due to jihad – holy war? largest empire ever Accomplished in all categories Abolishing examination system for choosing government officials Nature and causes of changes in the world history framework leading up to 600 C.E. Conflict – Shia vs. Sunni – who should succeed Mohammad During the Khmer Empire's height in the 12th century the city of Angkor Thom was among the largest of the pre-modern world due to its water management. Marco Polo To the Norse Vinland was known for plentiful grape vines to make superior wine. [123] The Genghisid rulers returned to Mongolia homeland and continued rule in the Northern Yuan dynasty. East Asia experienced the full establishment of power of Imperial China, which established several prosperous dynasties influencing Korea, Vietnam, and Japan. Empire grows as religion splits b. Founding of Islam 622. Finally, the development of a world network with regular and influential relations among most of the individual civilizations is the fourth general theme. Period: 570. to . Pre-Islamic Arab society is best characterized as: What ideology gained influence in the period of disorder that followed the collapse of the Han dynasty? 2. a. Goals clear – surrender or entire village destroyed a. Can practice revering Allah in own ways North and East Africa Women given more influence – cared for estates Ecologically, Polynesians had the challenge of sustaining themselves within limited environments. a. Geography The Mayan developed the concept of zero, and a 365-day calendar which possibly pre-dates its creation in Old-World societies. [50], In Eastern Europe, the Eastern Roman Empire survived in what is now called the Byzantine Empire which created the Code of Justinian that inspired the legal structures of modern European states. a. 1. b. China became divided as Song's northern lands were conquered by the Jurchen people. [133] Nevertheless, after the 15th century, the Silk Road disappeared from regular use. 1. provincial leaders appointed officials A widespread shift in basic belief systems from polytheism to great world religions is the third. 2. 4. 3. 1. 4. Though a theocracy, tolerant of local customs As such, for the purposes of this article, the Woodland period and Classic stage of the Americas will be discussed here, which takes place from about 400 to 1400. [194], Period between ancient history and modern history, "Post-classical" redirects here. A. 2. Letters of credit – flying money 1. Over time changing economic and political conditions else where and wars weakened the traditional empires of South East Asia. a. Calligraphy Oral Tradition claimed that navigator Ui-te-Rangiora discovered icebergs in the Southern Ocean. 1. abandoned polytheism in favor of monotheism. 1. b. Buddhism greatest influence – state-sponsored during Sui i. [69] The Mongols eventually retreated in 1335, but the chaos that ensued throughout the empire deposed the Seljuq Turks. Cultural areas of North America prior to European Contact. e. Some of the Crusades merely huge migration of people, i. Rivalries between tribes/clans prevent unification Muslim teachings from Arabia and Persia reached East Asia. Boats – junks Luxury items created demand for Asian goods Imperial tax exemptions/private gifts of property Interconnected, highly-independent parts c. Muslims agreed to allow Christians to journey to holy sites People flee to Egypt The Americas had their own trade network, however theirs was limited by the lack of draft animals and the wheel. First was the expansion and growth of civilization into new geographic areas across Asia, Africa, Europe, Mesoamerica, and western South America. More educational opportunities, career advancement [138] These include advances in astronomy and in paper-making. d. All should be converted to the faith [37][38], During the Postclassical Era, Africa was both culturally and politically affected by the introduction of Islam and the Arabic empires. The degree of climate change which occurred in all regions across the world is uncertain, as is whether such changes were all part of a global trend. Only in recent centuries has it allowed Western influence a. Stealthy – network of spies Advances in agriculture spread northward from Mesoamerica indirectly through trade. Chinese architecture 2. Usually slowed cultural developments a. Arabian Nights b. Compassionate to peasants After Islam The following texts are the property of their respective authors and we thank them for giving us the opportunity to share for free to students, teachers and users of the Web their texts will used only for illustrative educational and scientific purposes only. d. Extensive network of roads to bind empire together iii. 2. c. lines of credit Which of the following was the most decisive change Mongol rule brought to Russia? 4. [79] The construction of the Buddhist Shwezigon Pagoda and its tolerance for believers of older polytheistic gods helped Theravada Buddhism become supreme in the region. a.   bushido and chivalry involved reciprocal relationships. 600 C.E. originated complex mathematics and scientific traditions. [125] The Silk Road would often decline and rise again in trade from the Iron Age to the Postclassical Era. a. St. Mark preached to East Africans during Roman period b.  the lack of interest by western European rulers for acquiring territory. Designs 2. [84], During this period the Eastern world empires continued to expand through trade, migration and conquests of neighboring areas. [27] Western trade into East Asia was pioneered by Marco Polo. d. both involved the receipt of contracts. f. scholar-gentry Wanted to use money to protect against nomadic invasions Last of long line of prophets – Abraham, Moses, David, Jesus g. protected trade on Silk Road [47], During the High Middle Ages (c. 1000–1300), Christian-oriented art and architecture flourished and the Crusades were mounted to recapture the Holy Land from Muslim control. Geopolitical conflict between Europe and Middle East b. Canals 2. b. both were based on group loyalties. Many of the merchant class hostile 4. 1. Ghana – “land of gold” Islamic World > India, Africa, China - 1450 C.E. Post classical era summary study guide . 1. a. copper High taxes made leaders less and less popular 1. Hierarchy based on a land for loyalty exchange WHAP began September 2, 2014. iv. Global history cannot usefully mean the history of everything, everywhere, all the time. 1. a. Islam – “submit” to God’s will Fight off pirates/foreign governments Human anatomy studied in detail China, which had previously engaged in expansion and innovation became isolationist in the 14th century under the Ming and would remain so until the Industrial Revolution. The Early Middle Ages saw a continuation of trends begun in Late Antiquity: depopulation, deurbanization, and increased barbarian invasion. d. Previously secular considerations became religious concerns, E. Arts, sciences and technologies Song – foot binding Travel [148] The Norse arrived in southern Greenland prior to the 13th century approach of Inuit Thule people in the area. 2. Major cultural areas however still developed independently of each other. [77], The spread of Hinduism, Buddhism and maritime trade between China and South Asia created the foundation for Southeast Asia's first major empires; including the Khmer Empire from Cambodia and Sri Vijaya from Indonesia. Unlike Mandate of Heaven – emperor can’t be overthrown 2. 6. led religious wars against Christians in Europe and the Middle East. b. Learn post classical era with free interactive flashcards. 1192 – power goes to Shogun – chief general Intensified Chinese perception as superior to all foreigners 1. Expanded aggressively to the north After initial expeditions there is a possibility that the Norse continued to visit modern day Canada. Mongol invaders in 13th century b. Russian civilization emerged nearest to what city? 2. [49] The reign of Charlemange attempted to kindle a rise of learning and literacy in what has become known as the Carolingian Renaissance. [58] The age of Feudalism would be dramatically transformed by the cataclysm of the Black Death and its aftermath. 1. The classical period falls between the baroque and the romantic periods. Led to decline of feudal society, a. Neo Confucianism is a movement from which dynasty? c. Medicine Carried by caravan to Europe – misnomer as Arabic The precolonial African civilizations can be divided into three categories based on religion: Sub-Saharan Africa was part of two large, separate trading networks, the Trans Saharan trade which bridged commerce between West and North Africa. One reason for the colony's failure was constant violence with the native Beothuk tribe who the Norse referred to as Skraeling. [195] The transfer of goods and diseases across oceans was unprecedented in creating a more connected world. b. Kiev Rus' and subsequently Russia began development in Eastern Europe as well. - Post Classical India (Kingdom of Harsha & Southern kingdoms) - Western Europe [152] Around 1350 Cahokia was abandoned, environmental factors have been proposed for the city's decline. Population boom tripled number 4. a. The expanding influence of the Arabs and Islam is one. 1. a. elected by men, 1. 55. Vast, dry area Bruce M. S. Campbell, The Great Transition: Climate, Disease and Society in the Late-Medieval World (Cambridge, 2016). 2. 3. By the time of Kublai's death in 1294, the Mongol Empire had fractured into four separate khanates or empires, each pursuing its own separate interests and objectives: the Golden Horde khanate in the northwest; the Chagatai Khanate in the west; the Ilkhanate in the southwest; and the Yuan dynasty based in modern-day Beijing. b. [55] Later developments were marked by manorialism and feudalism, and evolved into the prosperous High Middle Ages. North Vietnam as an exception was culturally closer to China for centuries due to conquest. 960-1279 – Song The Post-Classical Era.Summary. Use map in chapters of Unit III. 5. Teachings written down as Quran (Koran) – recitation 1. nations formed and destroyed What is the name of the family units into which Aztec society was organized? 1059-1212 – take control from Muslims Europe stimulated by technology/prosperity of Middle East e. ivory b. Nomadic Bedouin tribes Organization of government into departments/ministries Mali Science The following texts are the property of their respective authors and we thank them for giving us the opportunity to share for free to students, teachers and users of the Web their texts will used only for illustrative educational and scientific purposes only. By the turn of the 16th century "flower wars" between the Aztecs and rival states such as Tlaxcala had continued for over fifty years.

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